Nothing is more challenging in this world except watching your loved ones fighting for their life.  Certain illness is quiet clear, while many of them have a harsh impact on daily living. One such illness is Dehydration. Depending upon its severity, it can cause small and big effects on the body especially in aged people.

Dehydration takes place when a person tends to lose more water than the intake. Keeping your body hydrated is very much essential as it allows the body to regulate its temperature via sweating, maintains body blood pressure and remove all the toxic waste. Dehydration can lead a person to UTI, pneumonia, weakness or in severe cases death. There is a well known fact, that humans cannot survive without water for more than 4days.

Causes of dehydration in aged people

Dehydration is common for various reasons:-

·         Illness

If a person is sick, and he is vomiting constantly, there is a loss of bodily fluids, which gives rise to dehydration

·         Medications

It is very rare to see an aged person to stay on several medications at a time. These medications can be diuretic, while others can cause patients to sweat more.

·         Dysfunctioning of kidney

As we grow older our body loses kidney functioning say basically at an age of 50.  They conserve less fluid. But as we cross 70, the illness becomes more noticeable and acute.


Dehydration is the most common reason in aged people for hospitalization. The leading cause is lack of fluid intake. Apart from this, dehydration also takes place due to physiological reasons such as reduced feeling of thirst, loss of appetite. Following are the common signs in older adults :-

·         Dry mouth is the first sign noticed in dehydration. P.S. don’t consider this symptom as a part of the aging process. The indication clearly states that, your body needs more fluid. Dry mouth, can also occur due to less saliva production

·         Fatigue is one other symptom.  A particular amount of fluid is necessary for  a person’s  body.  Even a small change in the level of fluids can affect the body working.  Water is considered to be the main element of blood. If the water level goes down, it may affect your heart. This can be the reason why older people feel tired and weak.

·         Headache occurs due to stress. If the fixed intake of water does not enter your body, it becomes impossible to remove body heat 

·         Commonly linked symptoms of dehydration with older people are muscle and joint cramps, bad stomach, high heart rate, low BP, poor skin elasticity, weight loss and so on.

·         The last sign of aged people not drinking sufficient water is the change in urine colour. If a person is already having medication, it can stimulate discoloration, but the urine has to be clear. This symptom states that chemical and waste products are not dissolved properly or there is presence of UTI

Older adults are asked to seek medical help, if any of the above symptoms arises. The best way to check dehydration among the elder people is by continuously keeping a watch on their body weight.